An explanation of hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are various forms and types of web hosting, based on the mission and on the usage. Nevertheless, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is actually a web server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its own IP address, which enables users to have access to it via the Internet. The web hosting server's configuration and its system resources are determined by the kind of hosting service it will be used for.
What are the various forms of web hosting?
Based on the function, the business hosting service may be:
File Hosting - this form of web hosting allows the customers to keep their files on a given hosting server. With the customary file hosting service, the files that are hosted may only be accessed by the customer that's using the service. This hosting solution traditionally includes backups of personal computers , documents, personal files and even other hosting servers. This service may also have certain limits in relation to the web storage and the root privileges. There may also be web traffic limits, but that is dependent on the actual hosting service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is resembling the previous web hosting service type. Nonetheless, unlike the file web hosting service, the warez web hosting service is utilized for transmitting licensed work without the permission of the patent owner. In brief - it pertains to the criminal dissemination of files and materials. There are multiple methods for this to be done, but the two main ways are - via simple HTTP downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first method involves either a given website, or, most typically, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download patented files free of charge. The second method involves a P2P connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent web servers, via which users exchange files between each other. There are not many webspace hosting corporations that allow such form of web hosting on their servers, mainly due to all the judicial problems that it presupposes. Commonly such web sites are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared web space hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the customer's desire. If you wish to set up your very own private SMTP e-mail server, then you will require either a VPS web server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the level of access needed to complete such an assignment. For common e-mail web hosting purposes, however, you can set up a conventional shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain name. This is not a service that's very famous, because the web page hosting and the email hosting services are being served by 2 different web servers, often belonging to different companies.
Web Site Hosting - the most widespread and extensively utilized hosting service as of today. It's used for hosting website files, whose kind depends on the OS the web hosting server is running - Linux or Windows. Different types of files request specific web server Operating Systems, otherwise they won't be exhibited appropriately on the Web. This kind of web hosting may include web space and bandwidth limitations, root-level access and CPU usage limitations.
Depending on the purpose and on the functions, the customer should select the kind of web server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the web hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are various kinds of hosting servers, depending on the specifications and the web hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web server offers a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small sized and middle size web pages, which do not require huge quotas of server storage and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they work on the very same principle as the shared web servers. Yet, there are much less clients hosted on the same server. Hence, each of them will get a bigger share of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, storage space, web traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting enormous web portals that do not demand full root privileges.
VPS - the private virtual hosting servers are excellent for medium scale online portals, which do need root-level access to the server's configuration files. Commonly, there are several private virtual server accounts placed on the same server. Nonetheless, each of them is independent from the others and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated machine set up and accessed by you and only you. It ensures an enormous quantity of resources. It also provides complete root-level access, which makes it a perfect platform for any sort of website that requires a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which hosting supplier should I opt for?
As mentioned, there aren't many web hosting companies providing warez web hosting solutions because of legal problems. Such hosting providers are being shut down practically every month. That is why, if you would like to establish such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared web page hosting solution is the most widespread kind of web hosting service. For that reason, each web site hosting provider offers it. Not all of them, though, offer solutions such as private virtual web hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small sized webspace hosting corporations do not have the resources required for maintaining those solutions. For that reason it's always best to choose a bigger web host that can provide its clients with all the solutions that they want. You can quickly ID such web hosts by the kinds of solutions that they are supplying and by the manner in which they present them to the clientele. For instance, certain companies permit you to begin with a smaller website hosting plan and then upgrade to a bigger one, if you consider it compulsory to do so. This is quite suitable, because you do not need to transmit web pages between web hosting servers and there is no risk of facing service outages due to all the complications that may show up. Hosting companies such as GreatHosts.biz are offering all kinds of solutions and have the needed server resources and personnel to assure that their clients will not run into any complications when swapping services, which is what a top hosting company is in fact all about.